A backdrop of this controversial everyday ingredient. The word Salt comes from the Latin word “sal,” meaning salt. It was once a valuable commodity, and it has been used as a currency for trading. The English word “salary” comes from the word salt. Salt has long been used for flavoring and for preserving food. It has also been used in tanning, dyeing and bleaching, and the production of pottery, soap, and chlorine. Today, it is widely used in the chemical industry.
The body can NOT function without sodium. Period.
Salt is an intrinsic part of our diet. It contains two electrolytes that the body needs which are sodium and chlorine. Salt is made of sodium (40% by weight) and chloride (60% by weight). Equilibrium in the body is imperative for it maintains fluid balance and transmission of nerve impulses. This includes those in the heart and blood vessels. It is also an electrically charged molecule, and along with potassium helps maintain electrical gradients across cell membranes. Sodium helps your body absorb chloride, amino acids, glucose and water. This all occurs in your intestines. Sodium also helps maintain blood pressure. If you are under age 50, your blood pressure is in the healthy range (under 120/80). Aim to limit your sodium consumption to less than 2,300 milligrams daily. Studies have shown that decreased levels of salt caused a rise in LDL (bad cholesterol) and triglycerides. Also increased insulin resistance, which is the leading cause of obesity and Type 2 Diabetes. It can also result in Hyponatremia in athletes. Stay hydrated especially in hot weather.
The fast food phenomena has contributed greatly the dramatic increase in salt in our diets. The most people are consuming much more than their daily requirement. The average intake of sodium is about 3400 mg, most of it coming from processed foods. Try to cook more delicious meals at home. Therefore, you know how much salt you are consuming. Stay away from processed foods as much as possible. Eating too much salt can increase your sodium levels in the body. Thus restricting the kidney’s ability to remove water from the body. The fluid build can cause you to feel bloated. Increased blood pressure augments your risk for heart attack and stroke, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It puts a strain on your blood vessels rendering them inadequate to pump the blood and nutrients your body needs.
A lower-sodium diet is good for people who are older, who are of African American descent, who have high blood pressure or diabetes, or whose blood pressure is gradually creeping upward. If you have heart failure, salt can cause or increase swelling.
The key to a healthy diet is moderation. Read the food labels and check the sodium content per serving. If a food is salt- or sodium-free, for example, it can contain up to 5 mg (0.005 g) of sodium per serving. Terms such as “light” or “reduced” sodium do not necessarily mean little salt, but that there is less salt than the regular product per serving. Salt is not only critical to your life, but it is one of the basic elements of which your body is made. Like true lovers, the relationship between salt and your health is so intricately involved. One cannot coexist without the other. We hope we have given you yet another tool to make better dietary decisions. healthier families for generations to come is our Mission. Till Next Time.